Mon. Apr 15th, 2024
X, Y, Z, Z+ and SPG Category VIP Security in India

Like many other nations, India provides security information to high-risk individuals, such as politicians, government officials, celebrities, and other well-known figures. In India, there are six levels of security classification, with each offering a different level of protection depending on the individual’s perceived danger. The highest level of security provided to the Prime Minister is the SPG (Special Protection Group), while the X category only includes a minimal security detail. We’ll discuss the various categories of security, the agencies that implement them, and the extent of security deployment in this article.

The high security levels in India for highly risk public figures:

  • SPG (Special Protection Group): India’s VIP security categories The SPG is an elite force that protects the Prime Minister of India and has access to highly classified information. The group is made up of highly skilled individuals who focus on protecting the country’s highest-ranking political figure.
  • Category Z+: After SPG, the Z+ category offers the highest level of security. It involves a 55-person security detail that includes more than ten NSG commandos and police officers. NSG commandos are outfitted with cutting edge weaponry like Naysayer and Koch MP5 sub-automatic rifles and have aptitude in hand to hand fighting and unarmed battle abilities. As of now, around 40 celebrities get Z+ classification insurance.
  • Category Z: The Z class involves a security detail of 22 workforce, including 4-6 NSG commandos and police faculty. Personnel from the Delhi Police, the Indo-Tibetan Border Police, or the Central Reserve Police Force provide the security cover in this category. In addition, one escort car is included for additional security.
  • Y+ Class: A security detail of 11 people, including 2-4 police officers and commandos, is available in the Y+ category. Security is provided by the NSG, Delhi Police, ITBP, or CRPF, just like the Z category. Compared to the Y category, this one guarantees a higher level of protection.
  • Y Classification: A security detail of eight people, including one or two police officers and commandos, falls under the Y category. Although it is significantly less extensive than the Z+ and Z categories, it provides a significant level of protection.
  • Category X: The security detail in the X category consists of two armed police officers without commandos. Even though it is the lowest level of security, it still provides some degree of protection for those who fall into its category.

How they get the high level securities implemented:

In India, various agencies are in charge of providing security for VIPs, politicians, high-profile celebrities, athletes, and VVIPs. These organizations incorporate the SPG, NSG, ITBP, CRPF, and CISF (Focal Modern Security Power). Let’s examine their functions:

  • Group of Special Protection (SPG): The Prime Minister’s security is solely the responsibility of the SPG. This elite force is made up of highly skilled individuals who have extensive experience covering high-ranking officials’ security.
  • The National Security Group, or NSG: The NSG is broadly used to monitor celebrities and VVIPs, especially those in the Z+ class. Numerous NSG workforces are supported by the SPG to give specific security to the Top state leader. These commandos are well-versed in combat techniques and advanced weaponry and have previous experience serving in special or paramilitary forces.
  • Indo-Tibetan Boundary Police (ITBP) and Focal Save Police Power (CRPF): The ITBP and CRPF, alongside the Delhi Police, are engaged with giving security cover to people classified under Z, Y+, and Y classifications. In order to guarantee the protection of the individuals, they send out personnel and commandos.

Higher staff allocation at times.

In practice, the number of police officers used to protect VIPs frequently exceeds the official numbers. Some high-profile people have an extensively larger number of safety staff than recommended. For example, Mulayam Singh Yadav, during his residency as Boss Priest of Uttar Pradesh, had north of 200 common cops positioned at his Lucknow home. His replacement, Mayawati, purportedly had a security detail of more than 350 cops.

Rules and regulations to be maintained, and Protocols to be followed.

The Ministry of Home Affairs issues guidelines for VIP and VVIP security covers in collaboration with various intelligence agencies. The President, Vice President, and Prime Minister, as well as their families, are covered in detail in the “Blue Book”‘s security protocols. The “Yellow Book” frames security courses of action for different celebrities and VVIPs. A uniform approach to security provisioning across all categories is ensured by these guidelines.

Extreme VIP security in India is a complex and multi-layered framework that plans to shield high-risk people from likely dangers. With a scope of safety classes, from the tip-top SPG to the negligible X classification, each level offers shifting levels of insurance. Offices like the SPG, NSG, ITBP, and CRPF assume essential parts in executing and sending security staff in light of the appointed class. Even though there have been times when too many people have been put on the job, guidelines and efforts to coordinate from the Home Ministry and intelligence agencies help keep VIP security in India organized and structured.


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