The consistent nomenclature of five Central Armed Police Forces of the Union of India under the control of the Ministry of Home Affairs is known as the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs). Their mission is to protect the national interest, mostly against dangers from within the country. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Border Security Force (BSF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), and Sashastra Seema Bal(SSB) are the forces in question.
Border guarding is the primary job of BSF, ITBP, and SSB; security of sensitive establishments is the role of CISF; and assisting police in combating law and order, counter-terrorist operations, and counter-Naxal operations is the role of CRPF and NSG. Apart from their primary mission, all CAPFs support the police in law enforcement and the army in counter-terrorism operations. In the past, the BSF and CRPF have aided the army during external aggression. CAPFs collaborate with both the Army and the Police in various tasks.
CAPF personnel have also been deputed to organizations such as the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), Special Protection Group (SPG), National Investigation Agency (NIA), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB), and State Armed Police Forces (Jharkhand Jaguars, Bihar Military Police, UP/MP STF, DRG, IRB, Chhattisgarh Armed Forces. Due to the unique characteristics of an emergency force called into service to assist the civil power in performing numerous responsibilities in extraordinarily difficult situations, their function and performance take on added significance.
With 313,678 troops in 247 battalions, the Central Reserve Police Force is the largest of the Central Armed Police Forces groups. The Central Reserve Police force consists of the following members:
The Rapid Action Unit (RAF) is a 15-battalion anti-riot force that has been trained to deal with sectarianism.
The COBRA (Commando Battalion for Resolute Action), a ten-battalion anti-Naxalite/COIN unit.
The Border Security Force’s major mission is to protect the Indo-Pakistan and Indo-Bangladesh borders, and it is stationed on both the international border and the Line of Control. During times of war, the BSF plays an important role. It has 2,57,363 soldiers spread among 186 battalions. The NDRF 1, 2, and 7 battalions are requisitioned from the BSF. It’s also notable for having the world’s largest dedicated border guarding force.
The Central Industrial Security Force, one of the world’s largest industrial security forces, provides security to various Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) and other critical infrastructure installations, as well as major airports across the country, as well as election security and other internal security duties and VVIP protection. It has a total strength of 1,44,418 troops spread among 132 battalions, including nine reserve battalions.
The Indo-Tibetan Border Police are stationed along the Indo-China border from Ladakh’s Karakoram Pass to Arunachal Pradesh’s Diphu Pass, a distance of 3,488 kilometers. It has 89,432 soldiers spread across 56 combat, 2 DM, and 4 specialized battalions.
The Sashastra Seema Bal (Armed Border Force) is responsible for guarding the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan frontiers. It has a total of 76,337 troops, 67 battalions, and a few reserve battalions.
These are the Central Armed Police Forces of India. we have given a small description about them, but it is not enough words for these Desh ke heroes. We will write in full detail in upcoming articles.